In particular, sex trafficking, a subset of human trafficking is a form of discrimination in which people in power, typically men, take advantage of the vulnerabilities of women and children— though men are also victims—to exploit them for their services, whether for labor and/or sex.In addition, deception, fraud, force, and coercion are often used to recruit victims (UNODC 2000, Article 3(a)) although that should not be the main factor when investigating and prosecuting these crimes; for children proof of the threat or use of force or coercion is not required.
As they realized that law enforcement began monitoring the streets, they started to use the Internet as a means to facilitate their illegal activity since it guarantees anonymity of the user. This resonates especially with those who feel socially excluded in society or who are introverted.
Therefore, law enforcement needs to be informed and trained on cyber-sex trafficking to be able to combat it effectively; otherwise traffickers will continue to sexually exploit children online with impunity. Hence, unfortunately a youth feels at home while on the various internet platforms rather than the actual home.
Nancy Baym in notes, “In many online environments, people seek to individualize themselves as different from the other participants (Baym 2010, 108).
Therefore, the lack of internet barriers when communicating contributes to the lack of internet safety practices by youth.
Law enforcement is often concerned with traditional crimes and might not have the resources necessary to investigate and prosecute the crime. In order to defeat them, technological innovations need to advance in law enforcement’s favor.