Business with traders from other countries also meant contact with other cultures and civilizations, such as those of Japan, Han Chinese, Indian people, and Arab people.These coastal communities acquired more cosmopolitan cultures, with developed social structures (sovereign principalities), ruled by established royalties and nobilities.
During the Spanish rule, through a resettlement policy called the Reducción, smaller scattered barangays were consolidated (and thus, "reduced") to form compact towns.
Each barangay was headed by the cabeza de barangay (barangay chief), who formed part of the Principalía - the elite ruling class of the municipalities of the Spanish Philippines.
When the Americans arrived, "slight changes in the structure of local government was effected".
The name survived the 1986 EDSA Revolution, though older people would still use the term barrio.
Mapping Black Central Europe Posted: May 9, 2017 The University of Michigan class "Germany and the Black Diaspora," taught by Professor Kira Thurman, worked over the course of the Winter 2016 semester to create a map of Black Central Europe.